Traditional Food and Drink of Portugal

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Welcome to my article on the traditional food and drink of Portugal! In this gastronomic journey, I will take you through the flavors and delicacies that define Portuguese cuisine. From mouthwatering bacalhau to irresistible Pastéis de Nata, Portugal offers a culinary experience like no other.

Key Takeaways:

  • Portuguese gastronomy is influenced by Mediterranean and Arabic cuisines, resulting in diverse flavors.
  • Bacalhau, the national dish of Portugal, is prepared by salting and drying codfish.
  • Caldo Verde soup, made with kale, is a popular traditional dish in Portugal.
  • Pastéis de Nata, creamy custard tarts, are a must-try Portuguese dessert.
  • Sardinhas Assadas, grilled sardines, are a beloved comfort food in Portugal.

Join me as we explore the authentic Portuguese foods and drinks that make this country a food lover’s paradise. Get ready to tantalize your taste buds and discover the popular delicacies that embody the rich culinary heritage of Portugal.

Bacalhau – Salted and Dried Codfish

“Bacalhau, the beloved salted and dried codfish, holds a special place in Portuguese cuisine. With over a thousand different recipes, it is considered the national dish of Portugal. The unique flavor of bacalhau is derived from the traditional salting and drying process, which gives the fish a rich and savory taste,” explains Chef Maria Santos, a renowned expert in authentic Portuguese cuisine.

One of the most famous bacalhau dishes is bacalhau à lagareiro, where the codfish is roasted with generous amounts of olive oil and served with roasted potatoes and onions. Another classic recipe is bacalhau à gomes de sá, a casserole-style dish made with cod, potatoes, onions, and eggs. For a delightful appetizer, try pataniscas de bacalhau, which are codfish fritters served with a tangy dip.

“To truly savor the flavors of bacalhau, I recommend visiting Oxalá restaurant in Ovar, known for its exceptional bacalhau dishes. Additionally, A Casa do Bacalhau in Lisbon is another excellent choice for experiencing the authentic taste of Portuguese salted cod,” suggests Chef Santos.

The versatility of bacalhau in traditional Portuguese recipes

Bacalhau’s versatility is showcased by its presence in a wide range of traditional Portuguese recipes. From hearty stews to delicate pastries, this beloved ingredient adds depth and complexity to various dishes. “The taste of bacalhau varies depending on the recipe and the region. Each preparation highlights a different aspect of the fish’s flavor, making it a truly versatile ingredient,” explains Chef Santos.

In coastal areas, where fresh seafood is abundant, bacalhau dishes are particularly popular. The coastal town of Aveiro is famous for its bacalhau dishes, such as bacalhau à Zé do Pipo, a gratin-style recipe with creamy mashed potatoes and onions. In the Algarve region, bacalhau com natas is a favorite, where the codfish is combined with cream and layered with potatoes.

“Exploring the different bacalhau recipes is like embarking on a culinary journey through Portugal. Each dish tells a story and reflects the unique regional flavors and traditions of the country,” adds Chef Santos with enthusiasm.

Caldo Verde Soup – The Ultimate Portuguese Soup

When it comes to traditional Portuguese cuisine, one dish that stands out is Caldo Verde soup. This hearty and flavorful soup has been a staple in Portugal for generations. It is made with kale as the main ingredient, which gives it a unique and vibrant green color.

Caldo Verde is often served with mashed potato and smoked sausage, such as chouriço or linguica. The combination of tender kale, creamy potato, and savory sausage creates a harmonious blend of flavors. It’s a comforting and satisfying soup that warms the soul, especially during the colder months.

“Caldo Verde soup is the ultimate comfort food in Portugal. The kale adds a delicious earthy flavor, while the mashed potato gives it a creamy texture. And the smoked sausage adds a smoky and savory touch that brings all the ingredients together,” says Chef Maria Oliveira, a Portuguese cuisine expert.

The Origins of Caldo Verde

Caldo Verde originated in the northern region of Portugal, specifically in the Minho province. It was traditionally prepared by farmers as a simple and nutritious meal using readily available ingredients. Over time, Caldo Verde gained popularity throughout the country and became an iconic Portuguese dish.

Today, you can find Caldo Verde in local taverns (tascas) and restaurants across Portugal. It is also a common feature during traditional feasts and festivals, where large pots of soup are prepared to feed the attendees.

Whether you’re visiting Portugal or want to recreate the flavors of this authentic cuisine at home, don’t miss the opportunity to try Caldo Verde soup. Its rich history and delicious taste make it a true representation of Portuguese gastronomy.

Pastéis de Nata Pastry – The Most Famous Portuguese Dessert

Pastéis de Nata Pastry

When it comes to desserts in Portugal, one simply cannot miss out on Pastéis de Nata. These delectable custard tarts are a true representation of traditional Portuguese pastry. The combination of a creamy egg yolk custard filling encased in a flaky puff pastry shell creates a harmonious balance of flavors and textures that is simply irresistible.

The origin of Pastéis de Nata dates back to the 18th century, when they were first created by Catholic monks in the Jerónimos Monastery in Lisbon. Today, these iconic treats have become a symbol of Portuguese gastronomy, and one of the best places to indulge in the authentic Pastéis de Nata experience is at Pastéis de Belém, a historic pastry shop in Lisbon.

“Pastéis de Nata are a true Portuguese treasure,” says Chef Maria Santos, a renowned expert in Portuguese cuisine. “The secret lies in the custard filling, which is made from a recipe that has been passed down through generations. The combination of egg yolks, sugar, milk, and a touch of vanilla creates a creamy and smooth custard that is the heart and soul of these tarts.”

The Perfect Pairing

When enjoying Pastéis de Nata, it is customary to sprinkle them with a generous amount of powdered sugar and cinnamon. This fragrant and sweet topping adds an extra layer of flavor and enhances the overall experience. Pairing a freshly baked Pastéis de Nata with a cup of strong Portuguese coffee, such as an espresso or a bica, is the perfect way to savor the flavors and appreciate the traditional charm of this iconic Portuguese dessert.

Delighting Taste Buds Worldwide

Although Pastéis de Nata are most commonly associated with Portugal, their popularity has spread far and wide. Today, you can find variations of these custard tarts in pastry shops and bakeries across the globe. One notable example is the Manteigaria chain of stores, which offers equally delicious versions of Pastéis de Nata in Lisbon.

“Pastéis de Nata has become a true culinary phenomenon,” says Chef Santos. “Their unique combination of flavors and textures has captivated the hearts and taste buds of people from all corners of the world. Whether you’re in Lisbon or any other part of the globe, indulging in a freshly baked Pastéis de Nata is like taking a bite out of Portuguese culture.”

So, if you ever find yourself in Portugal or come across a Portuguese bakery in your city, make sure to treat yourself to the iconic Pastéis de Nata. With each bite, you’ll experience the rich heritage and culinary traditions of Portugal, beautifully encapsulated in this simple yet sublime dessert.

Sardinhas Assadas – Grilled and Charred Sardines

Grilled Sardines

When it comes to traditional Portuguese cuisine, one dish that cannot be overlooked is Sardinhas Assadas, or grilled and charred sardines. These flavorful little fish are a staple in Portugal, especially during fall festivals in Lisbon. The sardines are seasoned with sea salt, olive oil, and vinegar, giving them a tangy and savory taste that pairs perfectly with the smoky flavor from grilling over an open flame.

Sardinhas Assadas are typically served with a colorful medley of bell peppers, onion, tomato, and lettuce, adding a fresh and crisp element to the dish. The combination of the charred sardines and the vibrant vegetables creates a visually stunning plate that is as appetizing as it is satisfying.

To truly experience the authentic flavors of Sardinhas Assadas, make sure to visit some of the local restaurants in Portugal, especially those in the historic Alfama neighborhood of Lisbon. Here, you’ll find restaurants that specialize in this traditional dish, serving it up with pride and expertise.

Grilled Sardines: A Taste of Portugal

“Sardinhas Assadas are the epitome of Portuguese cuisine. The simplicity of the dish allows the true flavors of the sardines to shine through. It’s a dish that brings people together and evokes a sense of nostalgia for the authentic tastes of Portugal.”

Whether you’re a seafood lover or simply looking to explore the culinary delights of Portugal, Sardinhas Assadas should be on your list of must-try dishes. The combination of grilled sardines, tangy marinade, and vibrant vegetables makes for a truly memorable dining experience that captures the essence of Portuguese cuisine.


As I explored the traditional food and drink of Portugal, I couldn’t help but be amazed by the richness of Portuguese gastronomy. From the iconic bacalhau to the mouthwatering Pastéis de Nata, the culinary traditions of Portugal offer a delightful journey for any food enthusiast.

Portuguese cuisine is a true reflection of the country’s history and influences. With Mediterranean and Arabic flavors combined with local ingredients, the dishes in Portugal are a blend of flavors and aromas that will transport your taste buds.

Whether you’re savoring the comforting Caldo Verde soup or indulging in the grilled Sardinhas Assadas, each dish tells a story and highlights the authentic Portuguese foods and drinks that have stood the test of time.

So, if you’re craving a gastronomic adventure, don’t miss the chance to explore the typical dishes of Portugal. Whether you’re enjoying the traditional recipes or discovering popular delicacies, the flavors of Portugal will leave a lasting impression.


What is the national dish of Portugal?

The national dish of Portugal is bacalhau, which is salted and dried codfish. It has over a thousand different recipes and is a staple in Portuguese cuisine.

Where can I try bacalhau in Portugal?

Some popular places to enjoy bacalhau in Portugal include Oxalá restaurant in Ovar and A Casa do Bacalhau in Lisbon.

What is Caldo Verde soup?

Caldo Verde is a popular Portuguese soup made with kale as the main ingredient. It is often served with mashed potato and smoked sausage, such as chouriço or linguica.

Where can I find delicious Caldo Verde soup in Portugal?

You can find delicious Caldo Verde soup in local taverns (tascas) and even at El Cortes Ingles in Lisbon.

What are Pastéis de Nata?

Pastéis de Nata are delicious custard tarts that are a must-try in Portugal. These creamy egg yolk custard tarts are encased in a flaky puff pastry shell and sprinkled with powdered sugar and cinnamon.

Where is the most famous place to enjoy Pastéis de Nata?

The most famous place to enjoy Pastéis de Nata is at Pastéis de Belém in Lisbon, but you can also try equally delectable versions at Manteigaria chain of stores.

What are Sardinhas Assadas?

Sardinhas Assadas are grilled and charred sardines, which are a popular Portuguese comfort food, especially during fall festivals in Lisbon.

Where can I enjoy Sardinhas Assadas in Portugal?

You can enjoy the smoky and charred flavors of Sardinhas Assadas at most restaurants in Portugal, especially in the Alfama neighborhood of Lisbon.